Mavambo uye Mhemberero yeMutambo weMid-Autumn

Gore rega rega pazuva regumi neshanu remwedzi wechisere, ndiyo yechinyakare Mid-Autumn Mutambo munyika yangu.Apa ndipo pakati pematsutso egore, saka inonzi Mid-Autumn Festival.Iri zvakare mutambo wechipiri mukurusa wechinyakare muChina mushure meMutambo weChirimo.

Mukarenda yemwedzi weChinese, gore rakakamurwa kuita mwaka mina, uye mwaka wega wega wakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu: Meng, Zhong, uye Ji, saka Mutambo weMid-Autumn unonziwo Zhongqiu.Mwedzi uri musi wa15 Nyamavhuvhu wakanyanya kutenderera uye kupenya kupfuura mwedzi wakazara mune mimwe mwedzi, saka unodaidzwawo kuti Moon Night, Autumn Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, Nyamavhuvhu Mutambo, Nyamavhuvhu Musangano, Mwedzi Kudzingirirana, Mwedzi Kutamba Mutambo, uye Mwedzi. Kunamata Mutambo, Zuva reVasikana, kana Reunion Festival, mutambo wechinyakare unozivikanwa pakati pemarudzi mazhinji muChina.Pausiku uhwu, vanhu vanotarisa kumusoro kumwedzi wakajeka mudenga, uye sechisikigo vanotarisira kuonanazve kwemhuri Vafambi vari kure nemusha vanoshandisawo izvi kupinza pfungwa dzavo pamusoro peguta rekumusha kwavo nehama dzavo.Nokudaro, Mutambo weMid-Autumn unonziwo "Reunion Festival".

Zvinonzi mwedzi ndiwo uri pedyo nenyika pahusiku uhwu, uye mwedzi ndiwo mukuru uye wakajeka zvikuru, saka pave netsika yokuita mabiko nekuyemura mwedzi kubva kare.Kune zvakare dzimwe nzvimbo uko Mutambo weMid-Autumn unoiswa muna Nyamavhuvhu 16, senge Ningbo, Taizhou, uye Zhoushan.Izvi zvakafanana neapo Fang Guozhen akatora Wenzhou, Taizhou, neMingzhou, kuitira kudzivirira kurwiswa kweYuan Dynasty vakuru nemasoja naZhu Yuantian.Nyamavhuvhu 16 ndiyo Mutambo weMid-Autumn”.Mukuwedzera, muHong Kong, mushure meMutambo weMid-Autumn, kuchine kunakidza kwakawanda, uye pachava neimwe carnival paZuva regumi nematanhatu, inonzi "Kudzingirira Mwedzi".

Izwi rokuti "Mid-Autumn Festival" rakatanga kuonekwa mubhuku "Zhou Li", uye mutambo chaiwo wenyika wakaumbwa muTang Dynasty.Vanhu vechiChinese vane tsika ye "matsutso manheru uye mwedzi wemanheru" munguva dzekare."Manheru Mwedzi", kureva kunamata mwari wemwedzi.MuZhou Dynasty, Mutambo wega wega weMid-Autumn wakaitwa kugamuchira kutonhora uye kunamata mwedzi.Gadzira tafura huru yezvinonhuwira, uye uise makeke emwedzi, manwiwa, maapuro, mazuva matsvuku, plums, mazambiringa, uye zvimwe zvinopiwa, pakati pazvo makeke emwedzi nemanwiwa zvinonyanya kukosha.Cheka watermelon kuita lotus shape.Pasi pemwedzi, chifananidzo chemwedzi chinoiswa munzira inoenda kumwedzi, kenduru dzvuku rinotungidzwa kumusoro, mhuri yose inonamata mwedzi pamwe chete, uye ipapo amai vemba vanocheka keke remwedzi kuti vaonanezve.Munhu akacheka anofanira kufanoverenga kuti mumhuri mese mune vanhu vangani.Avo vari pamusha naavo vari kunze kweguta vanofanira kuverengwa pamwe chete.Havagoni kucheka zvakanyanya kana zvishoma, uye saizi inofanira kunge yakafanana.

MuTang Dynasty, kuona uye kutamba nemwedzi panguva yeMid-Autumn Mutambo waive wakakurumbira.MuNziyo Yenziyo Yokuchamhembe, pausiku hwegumi neshanu hwemwedzi wechisere, vanhu muguta rose, vangave vapfumi kana varombo, vaduku kana vakuru, vaipfeka mbatya dzevakuru, kupisa rusenzi uye kunamata mwedzi kuti vataure zvavanoda uye kunyengeterera chikomborero chamwari wemwedzi.MuMaodzanyemba Rwiyo Dynasty, vanhu vakapa mwedzi makeke kune mumwe nemumwe, izvo zvaireva kusanganazve.Kune dzimwe nzvimbo, kune zviitiko zvakaita sekutamba shato dzeuswa uye kuvaka pagodas.Kubva paMing neQing dynasties, tsika yeMid-Autumn Festival yave kuwanda, uye nzvimbo zhinji dzakagadzira tsika dzakakosha sekupisa rusenzi, muti weMid-Autumn Festival, mwenje weshongwe yekuvhenekesa, kuisa mwenje wedenga, kufamba pamwedzi. uye kutamba shato dzemoto.

Nhasi, tsika yekutamba pasi pemwedzi haina kufarirwa zvakanyanya kupfuura kare.Nekudaro, zvichiri kufarirwa zvakanyanya kuita mabiko ekuyemura mwedzi.Vanhu vanobvunza mwedzi newaini kupemberera hupenyu hwakanaka kana kushuvira hama dzavo dziri kure kuti dzive neutano uye dzifare.Kune dzakawanda tsika uye mafomu eMutambo weMid-Autumn, asi iwo ese anoratidza rudo rusingaperi rwevanhu rwehupenyu uye kushuvira hupenyu huri nani.

Yedu Guangdong Xinle Chikafu Co., Ltd. iri muChaoshan, Guangdong.Kwese kwese muChaoshan, Guangdong, kune tsika yekunamata mwedzi panguva yeMid-Autumn Festival.Manheru, mwedzi uchibuda, vakadzi vanoisa nyaya pachivanze nepavheranda kuti vanamate mudenga.Makenduru esirivha ari kupfuta zvikuru, midzanga iri kunonoka, uye tafura inozadzwawo nemichero yakanaka nemakeke semutambo wechibayiro.Kunewo tsika yekudya taro panguva yeMid-Autumn Festival.Kune chirevo muChaoshan: “Rwizi runosangana nemuromo, uye taro inodyiwa.”Muna August, inguva yokukohwa taro, uye varimi vajaira kunamata madzitateguru avo netaro.Izvi zvine chekuita nekurima, asi pane zvakare ngano yakapararira pakati pevanhu: muna 1279, vakuru veMongolia vakaparadza Humambo hweMaodzanyemba, vakagadzira Humambo hweYuan, uye vakaita hutongi hwehutsinye pamusoro pevanhu veHan.Ma Fa akadzivirira Chaozhou kurwisa Yuan Dynasty.Pashure pokunge guta racho raparadzwa, vanhu vakaurayiwa.Kuti varege kukanganwa kuvava kwekutonga kwevanhu veHu, zvizvarwa zvakatevera zvakatora homonym ye taro uye "hu musoro", uye chimiro chakafanana nemusoro wemunhu, kuitira kuti vape rukudzo kumadzitateguru avo, ayo akapfuudzwa. kubva kuchizvarwa kuenda kune chimwe chizvarwa uye ichiripo nanhasi.Pakati pematsutso shongwe dzekupisa husiku dzinozivikanwawo mune dzimwe nzvimbo.Kureba kweshongwe kunosiyana kubva pa1 kusvika ku3 metres, uye inonyanya kugadzirwa nematairi akaputsika.Shongwe dzakakura dzakagadzirwawo nezvidhinha, dzinoverengera 1/4 yehurefu hweshongwe, uyezve yakaturikidzwa nematairi, ichisiya imwe kumusoro.Muromo weshongwe unoshandiswa kuita jekiseni remafuta.Manheru eMutambo wepakati peMatsutso, ichabatidzwa uye ichapiswa.Huni huni, mushenjere, mupunga, zvichingodaro. Kana moto ukabudirira, hupfu hwerosin hunosaswa, uye marimi omoto anoshandiswa kupembera, zvinova zvinoyevedza zvikuru.Kune zvakare mitemo yekupisa shongwe muvanhu.Ani nani anopisa data kusvikira yatsvuka zvachose anokunda, uye uyo anowira pasi payo kana kuputsika panguva yekupisa anorasikirwa.Anokunda achapihwa bunting, mabhonasi, kana mibairo nemugamuchiri.Zvinonzi kupisa kwepagoda ndikowo kwakabva moto muMid-Autumn Uprising apo vanhu veHan vakaramba vatongi vane utsinye munguva yekupedzisira yeYuan Dynasty.

Dzimwe nzvimbo dzeChina dzakagadzirawo akawanda anokosha Mid-Autumn Festival tsika.Pamusoro pekuona mwedzi, kupa zvibayiro kumwedzi, uye kudya makeke emwedzi, kunewo kutamba kweshato yemoto muHong Kong, Pagodas muAnhui, miti yepakati pematsutso muGuangzhou, kupisa mapagoda muJinjiang, mwedzi uchiona paShihu muSuzhou. , kunamatwa kwemwedzi kwevanhu veDai, uye kusvetuka kwemwedzi kwevanhu veMiao, vanhu veDong vanoba ndiro dzemwedzi, kutamba kwebhora reGaoshan, nezvimwewo.


Nguva yekutumira: Sep-09-2022